"Preschool Center Quality and Socioemotional Readiness for School: Variation by Demographic and Child Characteristics"

Educational Policy Symposium: A Unified Conceptual and Empirical Approach to Understanding Treatment Heterogeneity

Tran Dang Keys, Ph.D. Student
George Farkas, Professor
Margaret R. Burchinal, Professor
Weilin Li, Ph.D. Student
Erik A. Ruzek, Ph.D. Student

Abstract

While policymakers justifiably attach considerable weight to experimental evaluations of child care programs, there is much to be learned from rigorous analyses of longitudinal data that are more representative of the population. Our paper applies meta-analytic techniques to summarize results from original analyses of four longitudinal data sets to estimate variation in preschool. In summary, the consistency of these generally null results and the precision with which they are estimated across the different databases, multiple outcomes, and multiple child care quality measures suggests the following:

  1. There are no significant preschool center quality main effects on socioemotional child outcomes.
  2. There is generally an absence of differential preschool center quality effects on these socioemotional school readiness outcomes for subgroups of children defined by demographic or child characteristics.
  3. Preschool center quality may not be adequately measured in currently available databases.